COLUMBIA: Winter 1994–95 – Vol. 8, No. 4
COLUMBIA: The Magazine of Northwest History
Winter 1994–95 – Vol. 8, No. 4
From the Editor 2
History Commentary 3
The history of the Pacific Northwest History Conference.
By George A. Frykman
Balloon Bombs & Submarines 6
Japanese attacks on the Pacific Coast during World War II injured few but frightened many.
By Marc K. Blackburn
George Bush of Tumwater 14
Mulatto pioneer and founder of the first American settlement on Puget Sound.
By Darrell Millner
History Album 20
"Mother says, ‘Next year.’"
Supply Line to the New Frontier 21
The Mexican mule pack system brought food and supplies to early Northwest mining districts.
By Erasmo Gamboa
Lewis & Clark's Water Route to the Northwest 29
The expedition that ended the search for a northwest passage.
By Merle Wells
Josef Scaylea 32
A photographer whose work captures the essence of the Pacific Northwest.
By Howard Giske
From the Collection 38
Mount Rainier, home of the 1935 Winter Olympic Trials.
The Snoqualmie Indians as Hop Pickers 39
Puget Sound Native Americans turned to seasonal farm work to supplement their dwindling traditional resources.
By Kenneth Tollefson
Correspondence/Additional Reading 45Columbia Reviews 46