COLUMBIA: Winter 1994–95 – Vol. 8, No. 4 - Washington State Historical Society
Washington State Historical Society

COLUMBIA: Winter 1994–95 – Vol. 8, No. 4

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COLUMBIA: The Magazine of Northwest History
Winter 1994–95 – Vol. 8, No. 4

From the Editor   2

History Commentary   3
The history of the Pacific Northwest History Conference.
By George A. Frykman

Balloon Bombs & Submarines   6
Japanese attacks on the Pacific Coast during World War II injured few but frightened many.
By Marc K. Blackburn

George Bush of Tumwater   14
Mulatto pioneer and founder of the first American settlement on Puget Sound.
By Darrell Millner

History Album   20
"Mother says, ‘Next year.’"

Supply Line to the New Frontier   21
The Mexican mule pack system brought food and supplies to early Northwest mining districts.
By Erasmo Gamboa

Lewis & Clark's Water Route to the Northwest  29
The expedition that ended the search for a northwest passage.
By Merle Wells

Josef Scaylea   32
A photographer whose work captures the essence of the Pacific Northwest.
By Howard Giske

From the Collection   38
Mount Rainier, home of the 1935 Winter Olympic Trials.

The Snoqualmie Indians as Hop Pickers   39
Puget Sound Native Americans turned to seasonal farm work to supplement their dwindling traditional resources.
By Kenneth Tollefson

Correspondence/Additional Reading   45

Columbia Reviews   46

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