Shadow Tribe: The Making of Columbia River Indian Identity, by Andrew H. Fisher
Shadow Tribe: The Making of Columbia River Indian Identity, by Andrew H. Fisher.
"Shadow Tribe is the first in-depth history of the Pacific Northwest's Columbia River Indians - the River People whose ancestors refused to settle on reservations in central Oregon and Washington. Largely overlooked in accounts of tribal dispossession and confinement, their story illuminates the persistence of off-reservation Native communities and the fluidity of their identities over time.
Andrew Fisher's groundbreaking book traces Columbia River Indian identity from the mid-nineteenth trough the late twentieth centuries. Fisher explains how the shared experience of being off the reservation and at odds with recognized tribes forged river communities into a loose confederation called the Columbia River Tribe. Environmental changes and political pressures have eroded their autonomy, yet many River People continue to honor their ancestral connection to the Columbia, resistance to the reservation system, devotion to tradition, and detachment from federal control and tribal governance.
This pioneering study broadens our understanding of how Indians have thwarted efforts to confine and define their existence withing narrow reservation boundaries."